How NetBig.com ranks Chinese
The overall rankings have been made based upon six indices in four categories including academic quality, student quality, teaching resources and research funding. We have used two indices to reflect a university¡¯s academic reputations. These include 1) academic reputation viewed by peers and 2) academic publications, both Chinese and international. A single index is used to reflect ¡°student quality¡±: 3) the average score of the enrolled student in the National College Entrance Examination. Two indices are used to reflect the ¡°teaching resources¡±: 4) the ratio of teachers with academic title of associate professor and higher, and 5) the faculty student ratio. A single index is used to reflect the research funding: 6) the annual university research expenditure. Different index will be assigned a different weight.
Our choices of measures of academic quality have largely been constrained by the availability of data. As we would like to capture the overall picture of Chinese Universities with precision, we choose to use a short list of indices each based upon reliable data. The six measures of academic quality have been made all based on statistics with the only exception of ¡°Academic reputation viewed by peers¡±, where the subjective judgements of the very elite of Chinese academics are used. Our rankings, as it is based on statistics of different universities and expert opinions, should capture objectively the overall picture of the Chinese Universities.
The Chinese universities were initially set up according to both regions and specialties. They were planned to attract students of a regional origin and with fields constrained by their specialties. This set up, however, gets blurred in recent years. The top schools in each region are drawing students from other regions, and top schools with distinct specialties are setting up fields beyond their origin specialties. Now it is no surprise to find a business school or a law school in a university designated for science and technology. Instead of comparing schools within each specialty, to reflect the educational reality, we have pooled the schools in one single ranking.
In the following, we give a detailed illustration on our computation methods and ranking methodology.
We assign the highest weights to the indices in the category of academic reputation, as they are the only ¡°outcome measure¡± in our set of measures of academic excellence. The second highest weight is given to the student selectivity, as in general, the quality of students a school can attract will be related to the additional value its education can provide. A relatively lower weight is given to the categories of the faculty resources and financial resources. These ¡°input measures¡± reflect more of the opinion of the government more than the general society. We, however, still assign a significant weight to these measures as in China, where government provides the most education funding, opinions of the government matter.
The score of the above categories weighted properly for a university are summed up to come up with a total score. The score of an individual category is a relative score based on a school¡¯s ranking in that particular category. That is, a score of 100 is assigned to the school with the highest ranking. The score of other schools are relative scores scaled accordingly.
The score is arrived based on the total number of publications of the individual school in year 1998 as can be found in SCI, EI, ISTP.
We have used the number of teachers, the number of teachers with academic title associate professor and higher, and the number of students (adult education and long distance learning not included) to calculate.
The research expenditure figure uses the research expenditure of a university¡¯s expenditure in year 1998.
All the above figures will be added together carrying its respective weight. The numbers for all schools will be ranked. With the top rank school assigning the score of 100, a relative score will be assigned to every other university. For missing values, we have used 0.